What Is A Dental Implant?

If a tooth is missing or damaged beyond repair, dental implant surgery is a great option to replace the missing tooth and avoid having a gap between the teeth.

A dental implant consists of two main parts:

  • The dental implant body itself that is placed below the gum during the dental implant surgery; it basically replaces the root of a natural tooth
  • The implant crown, which is the visible part that replaces the missing tooth

The main advantage of dental implants is that it is an individual unit that does not rely on the neighbouring natural teeth to support it.

What happens if I leave the gap between my teeth after an extraction?

Over many years, without tooth implant treatment, the following long term consequences usually occur:

  1. The neighbouring teeth can start to tip or drift inwards towards space. As this happens, food and bacteria get stuck between the teeth, causing dental issues.
  2. In most cases, the opposing tooth will also start to ‘grow’ down towards the gap. Eventually, it may end up loose or biting on the lower gum and may need to be extracted.
  3. The bone and gum around the missing tooth will be lost, and collapse down.

Missing Teeth Affects Quality of Life

With a missing tooth, even simple things like chewing will be affected. Studies show that many people avoid chewing on the missing tooth side and instead bite on the other side, which can cause more damage to the other teeth.

The missing tooth may not be seen during smiling, but may also be visible during speaking and laughing to other people.

Advantages of Having a Dental Implant


Like having your natural tooth back again, appearance and chewing ability is restored.


No more worry about your dental dentures falling out, or exposing gaps between your teeth.


Implants are independent, unlike dental dentures or bridges which can fail due to issues with the supporting teeth.


A dental implant transmits chewing forces to the jaw bone, maintaining bone density and preserving the strength of the jaw in the long term.

Same Day, Emergency appointments available

Experienced Dentists

Our dentists have gone through intensive implant training both abroad and locally to provide the most suitable treatment for you.

High Quality Implants

Not all implants are created equal. We only use implants with reputable long term studies and have a great track record.

Fully Digital Workflow

From the 3D Scanning of your teeth to the X-Rays and 3D Printing, our strict protocol maximises your treatment outcome.

dental designs logo

Using high technology equipment and software, we are now able to have a protocol that maximises the long term success of your dental implant.

Accurate Positioning

With the usage of an implant guide, we are able to place our implant accurately. This reduces the risk of nerve damage and poor implant stability.

Natural Aesthetics

Each crown is hand painted to create life-like aesthetics that match your teeth naturally

Access to our In-House Lab

Having a lab at our clinic means you get a tooth replacement with as little downtime as possible. Any extra customisation can be done quickly too.


What Happens During the Implant Visit?

1. The Dental Implant Consultation

Welcome to our clinic! During your first appointment, we’ll do a detailed examination to take into consideration:

  • Your main concern;
  • Teeth Condition;
  • Periodontal (Gum) Condition;
  • Oral Hygiene;
  • Habits (e.g. smoking and grinding);
  • Dimensions of the missing space

Based on this information, our dentists will take photos of your teeth and discuss your suitability for a dental implant.

Our philosophy is for both our dentist and you to have a detailed understanding of the situation so that you can make the right decision for yourself.

2. 3D Intraoral Scanning +  3D X-Ray

Once we have decided on an implant, it is time to start planning!

We start by taking a virtual scan of your teeth. This would create a 3D model of your teeth which are much faster and more accurate than the usual dental mold.

This is followed by a 3D X-Ray scan of your jaw to assess your bone structure and identity the anatomical structures present. That way, we are able to be very precise with our procedure while minimising risks.

3. Integrating 3D Scan and 3D X-Ray

The virtual scan of your teeth and x-ray are then merged together to create one complete picture of your dental condition. We will also design your future teeth position. With that, we have all the information we need to plan for your implant.

4. Dental Implant Planning

With all that information, we can then plan the position of your implant and subsequently create a Surgical Implant Guide that will ensure that the implant is placed according to what was planned.

During the planning phase, we are looking at issues such as:

  1. Critical Anatomical Structures – Nerves, sinus cavities, arteries and other important structures should be avoided.
  2. Quality and Quantity of Bone – The implant should be surrounded by healthy, adequate bone.
  3. Quality and Quantity of Gum – The implant should have sufficient healthy gums that are resilient enough to withstand damage.
  4. Implant in relation to the future implant crown – The implant must be placed in a position that is easy to clean while looking aesthetic and natural.

4. Dental Implant Planning

With all that information, we can then plan the position of your implant and subsequently create a Surgical Implant Guide that will ensure that the implant is placed according to what was planned.

During the planning phase, we are looking at issues such as:

  1. Critical Anatomical Structures – Nerves, sinus cavities, arteries and other important structures should be avoided.
  2. Quality and Quantity of Bone – The implant should be surrounded by healthy, adequate bone.
  3. Quality and Quantity of Gum – The implant should have sufficient healthy gums that are resilient enough to withstand damage.
  4. Implant in relation to the future implant crown – The implant must be placed in a position that is easy to clean while looking aesthetic and natural.

5. Designing Surgical Implant Guide

We create an individually customised 3D Printed guide. This guide allows us to place our implant accurately according to what we have already planned.

6. The Implant Procedure

The day has finally come! Please do not fret as we would have sufficiently planned for your implant procedure. We assure that you will be receiving:

  1. Infection Control Protocol according to MOH guidelines
  2. Genuine Dental Implants from reputable brands with long-term excellent results
  3. Genuine adjunctive treatment materials such as bone graft and stitches
  4. Genuine medication pre- and post-operative
  5. Tooth replacement in the case of front teeth missing
  6. Enjoying yourself watching a TV program on our ceiling mounted TV!

Fully Guided Keyhole Implant Surgery – A technique to minimise the size of the surgery site for less pain, less stitches and better healing. Most importantly, it increases the safety of the procedure.

“With proper planning and execution, dental implants can last a very long time”

– Dr Justin Giam


7. Review Check

We are sure that you’ll be alright. However, just to make sure of it, we’ll be giving you a phone call the next day to check on you. We will then be seeing you 2 weeks later to check how the implant is doing and possibly to remove any stitches. 

Phew, you are almost done! Next, we will schedule an appointment for you in 2-3 months to check on the implant again before finally placing a crown on it!

What Happens Next After Implant Surgery?

  • Placing the Implant

    The implant is placed into the bone and may be covered up or a small post left exposed.

  • Bone integration for 3-6 Months

    It takes time for the implant to fuse with your bone, gaining strength to support chewing forces.

  • 3D Scanning and Placing the Implant Crown

    The implant crown to replace the missing tooth is made to look as natural as possible to match the other teeth.

  • Screw Retained Crown Whenever Possible

    Studies have shown that screw retained implants have a higher longevity and have reduced chance of infection. They are also easier to repair if needed.

Get a personalised followup and access to our treatment portfolio!


Dental Implant Warranty

    • 10 year warranty applies if the entire procedure was done at our clinic, including the bone grafting, implant placement and crown.

Here’s what our patients feel about us:

Went for my first Wisdom Teeth Surgery on 12 July. Before this, I had heard horror stories from my peers that they suffer from pain after the surgery, which makes me scare hahaha. But on that day, Dr Noah had made the whole session not as tension as I thought it would be like, he is funny and make the effort to prompt questions to you so that you can be more chillax. The pre and post procedure was explained super clearly also by Dr Noah so that you know what to expect and what to do or not to do. The whole procedure was not painful at all (THANKFULLY YAY). Just that you will feel a lot of pressure and the sounds from the drilling might make you scare a bit. But maybe can try to wear a noise cancellation sound ear buds if you think you cannot tahan the sounds. The next day after the surgery, I also did not feel any pain, just a bit sore at the surgery area that is about it. Medications and mouth rinse will be assigned to you as well. Now I am really looking forward to next wisdom teeth surgery for my right side with Dr Noah again. Cheers!
Angie Yip
Angie Y.
05:25 13 Jul 21
Dear Dr Tiffany and Dr Rares, thank you so much for being you. I can't thank you enough for your professionalism and for every experience i have been through with you thus far.Dr Tiffany, i'm glad with myself that i can finally sit down and put my gratitude towards you in written words. I remember telling you how you could effortlessly make me and probably every patient feel. Thank you for being so extremely professional and humble. You are so awesome at your work, it makes it so easy to trust you in total comfort right from the first session. As much as im guilty of procrastinating my straightening course this late, im at the same time convinced that everything happens for an unknown reason at the right timing of readiness. Thank you for being a good portion of the reason.Dr Rares, i want to let you know in written words of what i have yet told you in person. You live up to all i have previously thought and wrote about you. Thank you for being so professional,super gentle and extra caring to details. I believe alot of dental patients elsewhere when going through arduous processes like deep cleaning will be in either fear or discomfort, but what went through my mind a few times when you were doing deep cleaning for me were mostly how impressive you were at your work and that i owe you another thank you. You are also so respectful and polite to your assistant each time. I'm so proud to be your patient.Dr Rares and Dr Tiffany, sometimes i feel that the phrase in good hands has been widely misused all over. But to be used on you, i feel that it is inadequate at all. May you be blessed the same way everywhere else with the same standards you bless on people.Thank you Sherlene and Christine so much too for being so responsible, cheerful and responsive! 🥰Gin Goh
Kion Moy
Kion M.
08:56 30 Jun 21
Had dental appointment with Dr. Philip and it was the best dental treatment ever. Dr. Philip had a very though check of the overall condition of my teeth and suggested cleaning and filling. The teeth cleaning procedure is painless and the filling was done with extra care. No hard sell. Will definitely come back for my half yearly check up!
Surong Mao
Surong M.
03:32 18 Jun 21
cosy clinic and great environment. dr chong is very gentle and detailed. never had my gums bleed doing scaling and polishing while all my previous visits to various dentists had me bleeding the past 20 years. definitely recommended.
Carine Ching
Carine C.
10:26 05 Jun 21
I would like to say that going to a dentist indeed is not a good experience for me, as I had a bad experience when I was younger.But I got to praise Dr Jo Ann Wong, she is very patient with me and very gentle.She explained the whole process one by one.She consistenly talk to me and comforting me throughout the process.I would say I had a better experience because of her, so thank you so much.I never regret choosing this clinic. 👍👍
Gary Lim
Gary L.
03:58 01 Jun 21
Been to many clinics and since I went here I never changed clinic and doctor. Doc Justin is the best! So patient and so skilled he really knows what he's doing. Their hyginiest Kelly is very good too, no pain everytime. Thumbs up services!
Maria Barcega
Maria B.
07:38 31 May 21
(Translated by Google) Singapore dentist, Dental Designs five-star praise ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Highly recommended! !Because I had an inexplicable fear of seeing a doctor, especially a dentist since I was a child, I came here cautiouslyDental Designs Clinic-4 Robinson Rd,#03-01(Level 3) The House of Eden S(048543)💗💗💗💗💗Through the enthusiastic and patient introduction of three lovely young ladies at the front desk, I chose a good husband, dentist Dr Nicholas Ng. I heard that men’s hands will be gentler and full of expectations, hoping to show mercy. . 💉🙅👈👧👧👧👧👧It’s the first time I came to this dental clinic. After the doctor asked about my condition, he helped me to take an X-ray. Before I described my dental fillings in the last dental clinic two weeks ago, I was dissatisfied, so I was a bit dissatisfied. I was nervous about whether the dental cavity would be digging bigger and bigger this time. As a result, Dr Nicholas patiently explained to me the current situation of my teeth and the consequences that will happen in the future, so that I understand the root canal treatment, the teeth If the crown and root may become irritated in the future, the tooth must be extracted and replanted. The crown treatment has at least preserved my original tooth and gave me a section about teeth. .🦷🦷🦷🦷🦷After getting to know, I put down my precautions, handed over the teeth to Dr Nicholas, and made an appointment for the next treatment plan.👀👀👀👀👀Because my tooth roots are very thin, and there is another tooth root at the bottom of the tooth roots, it is very difficult to clean up. It also tests the professional skills of the dentist. It was only discovered in the second treatment that it was really a very hard doctor. Dr Nicholas has been meticulously helping me with disinfection, cleaning and dispensing. The whole process lasted more than an hour, but there was no pain at all. Even at the beginning of the anesthetic treatment, he was very careful to say sorry to me, it might be a little painful, but it was really a little bit. The pain can still be tolerated. The whole experience is very comfortable. Listening to beautiful music, there is a large TV above you can watch. There is no fear of the sound of electric drills like watching teeth. The environment here Super beautiful and elegant, located in the center of riffles, next to the subway station. When I first came, I took my camera and took pictures everywhere, because it is so elegant and comfortable, the sofa here feels like I don’t want to leave when I sit down, if I have a drink Coffee, a book, a computer should be able to sit for an afternoon without being bored 🌝🌝ᥬ😂᭄💖you💖you💖you💖you are pretty good👍👍👍Today is the third root canal treatment. It is faster than the previous two. It will be over after a while. I will be able to do dental crowns next week. I look forward to it. The dentist Dr Nicholas is really attentive and conscientious. After helping me with the root canal treatment, he helped me check other teeth 🦷🦷🦷 and asked me some suggestions and comments. A very serious and responsible dentist, highly recommended. . 🌝🌝 is pretty good👍👍👍💖youThan heart ❤️(Original)新加坡牙医,Dental Designs 五星好评⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ 强力推荐!!因为从小对看医生尤其是牙医有着一种莫名恐惧感,兢兢战战的来到Dental Designs Clinic- 4 Robinson Rd,#03-01(Level 3) The House of Eden S(048543)💗💗💗💗💗通过前台三位可爱的小姐姐热情而耐心的介绍下,我选择了一位好好先生,牙医 Dr Nicholas Ng,听说男士的手都会比较温柔,满怀期待,希望可以手下留情。。💉🙅👈👧👧👧👧👧因为是第一次来这家牙科诊所,医生询问我的病情后,先帮我拍了一个X光片,在我描述两个礼拜前我在上一家牙科诊所补牙令我不满意,所以我有点紧张这次会不会牙洞会越挖越大,结果,Dr Nicholas很有耐心的给我讲解了我的牙目前的情况,和未来会发生的后果,才让我明白了根管治疗,牙冠和以后有可能牙根发炎就必须拔牙再种牙,牙冠治疗,至少还保住了我原有的牙,给我上了一节有关牙齿方面的知识。。🦷🦷🦷🦷🦷在了解后,我才放下了防备,把牙齿交给了Dr Nicholas,并预约下一次的治疗方案。👀👀👀👀👀由于我的牙根非常细,而且在牙根底部又多出一条牙根还是打钩的,非常困难清理,也很考验牙医的专业技术,也是在第二次治疗中才发现,真的是非常辛苦医生了,Dr Nicholas 一直精心帮我消毒清洗放药,全程一个多小时,却一点疼痛感都没有,就连一开始打麻药也是很小心的跟我说对不起,可能会有一点疼,但其实真的就一点疼还是可以忍受的,全程的体验感非常舒适,听着优美的音乐,头顶上还有一台很大的电视可以观看,一点也不会有看牙的那种电钻响声的恐惧感,这里的环境超级美观大方,坐落于reffles市中心,地铁站旁边,我第一次来时,就拿着相机到处拍,因为实在是太优雅舒适了,这里的沙发坐下来就不想离开的感觉,如果有一杯咖啡一本书,一台电脑应该可以坐一下午也不会无聊的那种🌝🌝ᥬ😂᭄💖你💖你💖你💖你 整挺好👍👍👍今天是第三次的根管治疗,比前两次速度都快,没多一会就结束了,下个礼拜就可以做牙冠了,非常期待。Dr Nicholas牙医,真的非常细心认真,在帮我做完根管治疗后,又帮我检查了其他的牙齿🦷🦷🦷并且嘱咐我一些建议和意见,非常认真负责的牙医,大力推荐。。🌝🌝整挺好👍👍👍💖你比心❤️
Victoria Han
Victoria H.
17:44 18 May 21
It was an awesome experience. Originally, I was worried that my wisdom tooth extraction would be a painful and awful experience. I was pleasantly surprised that it was painless and I was so well taken care of throughout the procedure and during the recovery period. Thank you Dr Rares Ispas for his superb skill and for being so patient-oriented. Apart from taking care of my wisdom teeth issues, Dr Rares and team also carefully designed a good plan to ensure that my overall oral health is well-taken care of. Thank you Dr Rares and the team at Dental Designs. Keep up the good work!
08:35 12 May 21
Visited Dr Rares for my pain tooth and I really lucky that I’ve met him and now my toothache has gone after rood kanal ? (sorry if i spell it wrong!) treatment with him. He is very experienced and caring, keep asking me if I were doing fine during the treatment, making me feel extra safe. Will stick to him in the future! The receptionist at Dental designs are all very friendly and caring as well, unlike other dental clinic which were kinda rude to me when i was just trying to find out their treatment charges etc... 🤷‍♀️Anyway, thank you Dr Rares and thank you Dental Designs!!100% will recommend to my friends to visit Dental Designs👍👍
Aaron CH
Aaron C.
06:39 11 May 21
Had my consultation here. From the reception to Dr. Tiffany, everything was smooth and in place, not to mention the aesthetics of the clinic itself. 🙂 The people were very friendly and Dr Tiffany was very gentle and thorough in explaining my case. I definitely recommend Dental Designs! 🙂
06:53 08 May 21
visited house of eden branch today. I narrowed down my choices to 2 clinics with very good reviews on google, one of which walking distance to where i live.Dental Design Clinic is not convenient for me at all, though it is accessible. However, i'm very glad with my final choice. One of the biggest deciding factors was the customer service when i enquired via whatsapp. It was welcoming and extremely prompt.Ms. Christine, the frontdesk lady was outstanding at her work with great interpersonal skills and an empathetic mindset. I think she is a quite a gem to the organisation. Thank you for being you. 🙏😊Dentist Mr. Rares was absolutely detailed, skilful, gentle and assuring. 5☆ is an understatement. Thank you for being you. 🙏😊will confidently recommend to anyone.Gin.
zelig official
zelig O.
15:39 16 Apr 21
Pleasant experience with Dr Chong Wei Ling. So painless and enjoyable that I almost dozed off 👍
06:37 10 Mar 21
I had my wisdom tooth extraction here at Dental Designs - and for someone who hates the pain (and dental clinics in general) I did it flawlessly all thanks to Dr Rares who patiently made sure it was painless and quick. The process took less than 15 mins and was done seamlessly. For me, it’s going to be nowhere else but Dental Designs!
Raudah Yusoff
Raudah Y.
06:41 21 Jan 21
I'd just visited the clinic 2nd time today, first for scaling and this time for wisdom tooth extraction. All 4 in one go. I highly reccomend this clinic as the doctors and specialist are at their best as professionals and they take good care of you. My specialist Dr Noah knows his job very well and executed minor surgery as I was required to do for my 2 wisdom teeth, without pain and a smooth one at that. Dr Joann then took over for general extraction also with ease. I am very pleased and I was well taken care off.
13:28 04 Jan 21
Undergoing Invisalign treatment, Dr Tiffany is very gentle in doing IPR and very expert in her approach. Iexperienced no pain at all so far and my teeth is moving well. I know I am in good hands! Also love the team as they are very accommodating in changing my schedule.
Antonia Tan
Antonia T.
09:05 29 Dec 20
Hi dental designs,On 21st December, on recommendation by my son, I decided to get cleaning done for my teeth at your clinic which involved scaling and polishing by Ms Kelly.The cleaning was not painful at all as she was patient, skillful and gentle on my upper molars which are a bit sensitive near the gums. She answered all myqueries well and advised me about the condition of my teeth and gums. She also suggested the benefits of fluoride gel application which was optional. Idecided to go for it.I found Ms Kelly highly skilled and was impressed by her excellent service. The staff at reception were nice and courteous. Overall I was quite satisfied with my treatment at Dental Designs.
Ram Mamidi
Ram M.
01:05 24 Dec 20
Root canal by Dr Nicholas - A big thanks to you for this 2 painless root canal session. Will ask us every now and then if we are ok during the session. Give proper advise and explaining the process he’s doing.Customer service/front desk officer is also polite and give proper advise when asked. And also most importantly give us a call reminder a day before so we wont forget amidst our busy schedule.My next session is with Dr Justin for crowning. See you guys soon.
06:49 16 Dec 20
Dr. Rares was patient, gentle, and explained everything thoroughly before proceeding. 10/10 would get fillings again.
Wayne Chang
Wayne C.
10:07 15 Dec 20
Dr Rares was excellent during my cleaning appointment. He was patient and constant checking in if I was in pain. Thumbs up 👍
Matthew Aw
Matthew A.
07:53 15 Dec 20
Wonderful first check up experience for my 3yr old son. Kind and gentle team who made it exciting while still doing the essentials of the check up. Thank you!
S Hicks
S H.
02:32 15 Dec 20
Quite a nice and gentle place for teeth cleaning.
Amy Chen
Amy C.
03:53 12 Dec 20
  1. 1. What are dental implants?

    A dental implant by itself is not a tooth! A dental implant is a prosthesis used to replace missing teeth. Essentially, it is a small titanium post/fixture that is inserted into the jawbone, on top of which a single crown (for a single crown) or a fixed bridge, a partial denture, or full denture (for multiple teeth replacement with more than one implant) can be attached.

    Once the implant integrates to your bone, a structure called an abutment is connected to the implant, to which the artificial tooth/teeth are attached. Therefore, there are 3 parts to an “implant tooth”: the dental implant itself, the abutment connector, and the artificial tooth/teeth.

    2. Who is suitable for dental implants?

    Basically, if you are healthy enough to have a tooth taken out, you are probably healthy enough to have a dental implant placed. Patients are usually concerned about being too old for the procedure. There is no maximum age limit to who can receive a dental implant as the implant will still work regardless of age. However, there is a minimum age limit. Patients who are still growing (Eg. Children or teenagers) will usually need to delay the dental implant procedure until growth is complete.

    3. Who is not suitable for dental implants?

    Patients with the following conditions must be carefully evaluated:

    Uncontrolled diabetes

    Steroid therapy

    Connective tissue disorders

    Bone disorders

    If you have these conditions, implants may still be possible, albeit with a higher chance of complications. Please consult your dentist for more information.

    4. Is Dental Implant Surgery Painful?

    Most people find dental implant surgery very easy to tolerate, and in fact most people report that it is less painful than the tooth extraction. Any post-operative discomfort can usually be managed with over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication. Ice can also be helpful.

    5. What are the chances of success for a dental implant procedure?

    Dental implants have an approximate success rate of 98%. However, keep in mind that taking care of your implant is necessary to ensure that the implant lasts a long time. Success can also depend on where the implant is installed in the jaw, as well as how the patient maintains overall oral hygiene.

    6. What sets apart a dental implant from other tooth replacement options?

    No other tooth replacement provides stimulation to the supporting jawbone. Usually, that stimulation comes from the tooth’s root. The implant screw replaces that tooth root, stimulating the supporting bone and preventing long-term deterioration of the supporting bone structure. Also, because an implant is permanently attached to the jawbone, it will not slip or shift such as with other tooth replacement options, such as dentures.

    7. If I undergo dental implant surgery, what is the healing process like?

    The healing process differs for each patient, as no two implant procedures are identical. Some patients require a bone graft prior to implant placement, while others opt for a same-day implant treatment. Most patients can expect some soreness for the first few days after the dental implant surgery, which typically goes away within 1-2 weeks. There is a three to six month waiting period, during which time the metal implant fuses with the jawbone. Once integration is complete, a dental crown can be placed and the implant can be used for chewing.

    8. How long does a dental implant last?

    Dental implants can last a patient a lifetime if they’re well taken care of. Implants do not decay. Dental Implants are supported by the surrounding bone and gums which are still susceptible to bacteria. Implants should be cared for similar to a natural tooth. This includes good home dental care, regular dental exams and professional cleaning.

    9. How long does it take to get dental implants?

    Dental implants require multiple office visits as there is a planning process as well as a waiting period in between each stage. It takes time for the implant to fuse to the bone before the final crown can be placed. Between the start of the procedure and completion, it can take a few months.

    10. Are Dental Implants expensive?

    At the outset, implants are more expensive than other tooth-replacement methods such as dentures or bridgework. But they also last many years longer and in fact should never need replacement unlike dentures. So they are a viable option when viewed as a long-term investment in your health,  quality of life, comfort and well-being.

    11. Dental Implant Cost in Singapore

    Tooth implant Singapore vary in cost around $2000 to $8000 or more per tooth. The price of a dental tooth implant may vary depending on a variety of factors, such as the services or treatments that come with getting a dental implant. Certain services like bone augmentation, soft tissue treatment, extraction, and crowning will all affect the overall price of getting a dental implant. If you have Medisave, we can assist you to claim a portion of the cost from Medisave.


  1. Effect Of Implant Design on Survival and Success Rates Of Titanium Oral Implants: a 10‐year Prospective Cohort Study Of the Iti® Dental Implant System Ioannis
    Karoussis – Urs Brägger-Giovanni Salvi-Walter Bürgin-Niklaus Lang – https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1600-0501.2004.00983.x
  2. Influence Of Diameter and Length Of Implant on Early Dental Implant Failure
    Sergio Olate-Mariana Lyrio-Márcio Moraes-Renato Mazzonetto-Roger Moreira – https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278239109019326
  3. Integrating Three-dimensional Digital Technologies For Comprehensive Implant Dentistry
    Neal Patel – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20516111
  4. Cad / Cam Dental Systems in Implant Dentistry:
    Update M Fuster-Torres-Salvador Albalat-Estela-Mariano Alcañiz-Raya-María Peñarrocha-Diago – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19242395
  5. Long-term Survival and Success Of Oral Implants in the Treatment Of Full and Partial Arches: a 7-year Prospective Study with the Iti Dental Implant System
    Eugenio Romeo-Diego Lops-Emilio Margutti-Marco Ghisolfi-Matteo Chiapasco-Giorgio Vogel – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15101597
  6. Risk Factors For Dental Implant Failure: A Strategy For the Analysis Of Clustered Failure-time Observations
    S.k. Chuang, L.j. Wei, C.w. Douglass, T.b. Dodson, 2002 S.K. Chuang-L.J. Wei-C.W. Douglass-T.B. Dodson – https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/154405910208100814
error: Content is protected !!